Ohio White-Tailed Deer Diseases - EHD and CWD Explained

July 8, 2014


Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease or EHD

EHD has been confirmed in Butler, Clermont, Clinton, and Highland counties in Ohio in 2013. If you suspect EHD in deer, please contact the Division of Wildlife at 1-800-WILDLIFE. Please report dead deer on your property as they may have died from EHD.  Sampling of the dead animal will determine the cause of death. 

General Information:
EHD does not affect humans, nor impact the safety of consumed deer.
EHD is caused by the bite of an infected midge and once there has been a hard freeze, the insects die off for the winter, eliminating new cases of EHD.
Most significant disease of white-tailed deer in the United States.
Virus identified and described in 1955 in NJ.
Enzootic to Southeastern United States.
Outbreaks often associated with drought.
Can result in high deer mortality in some areas.
Highly virulent strains may cause death in 1-3 days.
Carcasses often recovered near water.

More information regarding EHD